What is melatonin?
Melatonin is also called N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine. It is a hormone produced naturally in the body (in the pineal gland of the brain) in response to the normal circadian clock and environmental light. Your body produces its highest levels of melatonin at night. The body has an internal clock that controls the natural cycle of sleeping and waking hours—it also controls how much melatonin your body makes. Normally, melatonin levels rise in the mid to late evening, remain high for most of the night, and then drop in the early morning hou The amino acid tryptophan is converted into serotonin, which is then converted The production of melatonin declines with age, which is suspected to play a role in insomnia among elderly adults. Melatonin can also be found in foods and beverages such as cherries and red wine. Melatonin is synthesized from the popular sleep-inducing amino acid tryptophan.
Athletes may benefit from improved quality, length, and quickened onset of sleep. Although we all know the importance of sleep for recovery from training, quality sleep often gets sacrificed due to our busy lifestyles. These benefits could produce improved recovery from training and subsequent performance. In addition, melatonin can be used during extensive travel and timezone changes, thereby assisting jet-lagged athletes in adapting circadian rhythms to new time zones. However, research also suggests that taking the hormone before workouts aids in muscle building, fat loss and recovery with very little effect on wakefulness or energy levels.
Melatonin may have many other uses and has been reported to make people feel better, strengthen the immune system, and reduce free radicals in the body. Intense exercise is associated with increases in oxidative stress. Research over the past several years has illustrated that antioxidants taken before exercise can increase workout performance and improve recovery. the melatonin supplement significantly increased blood-total antioxidant activity and decreased exercise-induced oxidative stress.
Furthermore, they observed that the melatonin group had increased fat metabolism during training and improved immunity. Melatonin supplementation can effectively shift the 24-hour circadian rhythm of those exposed to new time zones, making melatonin a useful supplement for athletes forced to undergo extensive travel and time-zone changes for competition. However, more research is needed before recommendations beyond the use in treatment for jet lag can be made. Boosting GH levels during and after training provides a multitude of benefits for bodybuilders. GH acts as a powerful stimulus for increasing muscle mass, and research confirms that the higher GH levels are during and following workouts, the greater the gains in muscle mass and strength. Results showed that even before the workout began, the men receiving the high-dose melatonin supplement (5 mg) had elevated GH levels. After the training session, men in the low-dose (0.5 mg) and the high-dose (5 mg) groups had elevated GH levels when compared to the placebo group.