Other names for rhodiola rosea: R. rosea, Sedum rosea, golden root, rose root, Arctic root, Aaron’s rod, Rhodiola arctica, Rhodiola iremelica
Commonly marketed as an adaptogen that enhances the body’s resistance to physiological stress, including exercise, Rhodiola rosea (RR) is an herbal plant that grows in the mountainous regions of central and northern Europe, Asia, and North America as well as in the cold climate of the Arctic. It is believed to enhance performance through several mechanisms; the most relevant for the athlete is its apparent impact on energy usage.
As demonstrated in animal studies, Rhodiola Rosea improves energy usage by increasing essential energy metabolites, ATP, and creatine phosphate within muscle and brain mitochondria, thereby stimulating protein and amino acid synthesis and boosting fat metabolism. In addition, Rhodiola Rosea seems to moderate levels of cortisol, a catabolic hormone, during physical stress, helping to limit muscle damage as well as protecting the immune system, thus optimizing both short- and long-term recovery. Rhodiola Rosea can improve our moods and alleviate depressions, because it can optimize serotonin and dopamine levels. Rhodiola Rosea contains a variety of compounds including rosavin, rosarin, and rosin, which may explain why Rhodiola Rosea is effective in alleviating stress. Scientific studies have revealed that it can prevent changes (stress-related) in weight gains and appetite etc.